PROJECT  ENCELADUS
 
 

International Research for Earthquake Prediction 
Using Advanced Astrological Techniques


8 Causes: The Buddha 
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From The Mahaparinibbana Sutta: 
Eight Causes of Earthquakes 

     (translation:  Ajahn Geoff de Graf, Metta Forest) 

 
170. Then, this thought occurred to the Venerable Ananda: 

"O Sirs, wonderful it is! O Sirs, unprecedentedly marvellous it is! This dreadful and hair-raising earthquake is indeed a great earthquake. It is stupendous. Also, rolls of thunder burst forth continuously. What is the cause of great earthquakes? What is the condition leading to great earthquakes ?" 

The Venerable Ananda then approached the Bhagava, and after paying obeisance to him, and seating himself on one side, said to the Bhagava thus: 
 
"Venerable Sir, wonderful it is! Venerable Sir, unprecedentedly marvellous it is! This dreadful and hair-raising earthquake is indeed a great earthquake. It is stupendous. Also, rolls of thunder burst forth continuously. What is the cause of great earthquakes? What is the condition leading to great earthquakes?" 
 
 

171. Ananda, there are eight causes of, or conditions leading to, great earthquakes. 
What are the eight (causes)? 

Ananda, this great earth is supported by water, the water by air, the air by space. 
At times great winds blow strongly. When great winds blow strongly, the .....

Ananda, this great earth is supported by water, the water by air, the air by space. At times great winds blow strongly. When great winds blow strongly, the water is shaken. **When the water is shaken, the earth is shaken. This is the first cause of, the first condition leading to, the occurrence of great earthquakes.** (1) 

Again, Ananda, a samana (recluse, ascetic) or a brahmana1 (a man of religious pursuit), who has great (mental) power, and who is proficient in the supernormal powers of' the mind2, or a deva of great power and psychic potency, by developing intense concentration on the limited image of the earth-element3 and on the unlimited image of the water-element, causes this earth to quake, to sway violently, to rock up and down and to convulse. This is the second cause of, the second condition leading to, the occurrence of great earth quakes. (2) 

Again, Ananda, when a Future Buddha, mindfully and deliberately, passes away in the Tusita deva realm and is conceived in his mother's womb, this earth quakes, sways violently, rocks up and down, and is convulsed. This is the third cause of, the third condition leading to, the occurrence of great earthquakes. (3) 

Again, Ananda, when a Future Buddha, mindfully and deliberately, issues from the mother's womb, this earth quakes, sways violently rocks up and down, and is convulsed. This is the fourth cause of, the fourth condition leading to the occurrence of great earthquakes. (4) 

Again, Ananda, when a Tathagata attains the most supreme Perfect Enlightenment, this earth quakes, sways violently, rocks up and down, and is convulsed. This is the fifth cause of, the fifth condition leading to the occurrence of great earthquakes. (5) 

Again, Ananda, when a Tathagata sets the noblest Wheel of the Dhamma in motion (by expounding the first discourse, on the Four Noble Truths), this earthquakes, sways violently, rocks up and down, and is convulsed. This is the sixth cause of, the sixth condition leading to the occurrence of great earthquakes. (6) 

Again, Ananda, when a Tathagata, mindfully and deliberately, decides to give up the life-sustaining mental process, ayusankhara, this earth quakes, sways violently, rocks up and down, and is convulsed. This is the seventh cause of, the seventh condition leading to the occurrence of great earth-quakes. (7) 

Again, Ananda, when a Buddha passes away and enters upon parinibbana, by experiencing the ultimate peace , nibbanadhatu, with complete extinction of the five khandhas, anupadisesa, this earth quakes, sways violently, rocks up and down, and is convulsed. This is the eighth cause of, the eighth condition leading to, the occurrence of great earthquakes. (8) 

Ananda, these are the eight causes of, the eight conditions leading to, the occurrence of great earthquakes. 
  

 

1. brahmana: a man leading a pure, ascetic life, free from demeritorious acts. Here, a brahmin (of the brahmin religion or caste is not meant. 

2. proficient ...... mind: cetovasippata: lit., with mastery over one's mind. The Commentary explains this as "having cultivated and exercised the abhinna (super-normal mental power)". 

3. Intense concentration on the earth-element: pathavisanna is paraphrased as "developing earth-consciousness, that is, the kasina jhana (mental cultivation or mental absorption) with the earth element as the object (kasina) of the     meditation."