Jyotish means Science of Light.
Jyotish is also called the Ved Chaksor the
Eyes of the Vedas.
It is believed to be one of the 2 sciences
humans by the Gods to help their way through
A person who is learned in Jyotish
is called a Jyotishi.
The table below gives the English names and Jyotish Equivalents
of theSigns, which are called Rasi.
The table below give the equivalent names of the Planets,
08. Dragon's Head Rahu
09. Dragon's Tail Ketu
There are 9 planets used in Natal branch of Jyotish. This
Jyotish is referred to Jataka.
Rahu and Ketu are given the status of Planets in Jyotish.
Besides the 12 Rasis which are used in Jyotish, we have
Nakshatra does not have an equivalent word in English,
but can be
roughly translated into Constellations. Each Nakshatra
spans over 13
Degrees 20 Minutes of the Arc.
These 27 Nakshatras are ruled by the 9 Grahas.
Each Graha rules over 3 Nakshatras.
The 27 Nakshatras
11. Purvaphalgun 20. Purvashada
12. Uthraphalgun 21. Uthrashada
22. Sravana - Moon
05. Mrigasirisha 14. Chitra
23. Danishta - Mars
24. Sathabishek - Rahu
16. Visakha 25. Purubhadra
Jupiter 08. Pushya
17. Anuradha 26. Uthrabhadra
- Saturn 09. Aslesha
18. Jyeshta 27. Revathi
Each Nakshatra is divied into 4 parts, each having a span
of 3 Degree 20 Minutes.
One of basic tools for predicting and timing events,
in Jyotish, there
are Dasa. The most popular being Vimshottari Dasa. It
has a span of 120
years. Vimshottari Dasa is also referred as Udu Dasa.
It is calculated
using the position of Chandra (Moon) in a Nakshatra.
Along with the Dasa, transits are also given important.
Transits are known as Gochar in Jyotish.
Another important tools used by a Jyotishi, are the Yogas.
planetary combination. For example, I will try
to describe a very basic
Subha (Benefic) Yoga - Gajakesari Yoga. The rule goes
as - 'When
Jupiter is in an angle from the Lagna (Ascendant) or Chandra
avoiding at the same time Debilition, Combution and inimical
Gajakesari Yoga is caused.' The result of a Gajakesari
Yoga are that
the native will be wealthy, intelligent endowed with many
There are hundreds of such Yogas in Jyotish.
There are many totals, which are very mathematical intensive,
calculating strengths and other factors. There are many
tools and methodologies for predicting results or timing
Now to something which is important to know.
It uses the Fixed Zodiac or the zodiac is Sidereal.
The Fixed Zodiac is
also called Nirayana. The moveable Zodiac as used in West
is known as
the Sayana Zodiac. The difference between the 2 zodiac
is a value
called the Ayanamsa. It is the precession of the
Zodiac. This is a
value which approximates to 1 Degree in 72 years. It's
backward. So to get the Fixed Zodiac, we substract the
from the Moveable Zodiac.
Now, here we encounter an area of Jyotish which is very
and very important. The importance to know the
correct value of the
Ayanamsa cannot be under-estimated. But the problem
lies here because
many differ on the 2 factors which decide the value of
value. The 1st factor is the year when the 2 Zodiac were
2nd factor is rate of precession of the Zodiac.
The most commonly value of Ayanamsa used is known as Chaitra
Ayanamsa. It is also referred as the Lahiri Ayanamsa.
There are many
popular values of the Ayanamsa, like Dr. B.V.Raman's Ayanamsa,
Ayanamsa, Yukteswara's Ayanamsa, etc.
Jyotish has many branches. Jataka means Natal. Muhurtha
Electional. Varshphal means Yearly Prediction, but is
very similar to
Solar Return. Nastha Jataka is a branch which deals with
Many more ......
A very unique branch of Jyotish is Remedial Measure. This
deals with recommending Remedial Measure for certain factors
Horoscope or to rectify a problem in life or to avoid
result from occuring. Remedial measures are suggested
in various ways,
could be through prays, or gems or Mantras or many other
What I have tried to present here is the very very basic
terms. Jyotish is vast and rich. There are many methods
tools, approaches and methods available under Jyotish
to achieve the
best results. Even a life time is less to learn all of
I hope your journey to learn Jyotish is fruitful and self-satisfying.
(c) 1999 Copyright, Dinesh R. Thakkar,
Mumbai - 400 031, Maharashtra,
All Rights are reserved by the Author.
Sun, 17 Jan 1999
Dinesh Email: firstname.lastname@example.org